This morning I pondered how the universe came to exist.
It has occupied the minds of the religious, philosopher and the scientist. It has been the source of many arguments. How did the universe come to exist? I am a philosopher that uses inductive reasoning incorporating knowledge that can be observed and demonstrated for my ultimate conclusions. Why I like Heraclitus, Aristotle and Leonardo da Vinci is we are all empiricists in outlook. Here follows a mixture of Heraclitus and my observations in the form of an obscure riddle, which I will then explain in order to answer the question of how the universe came to exist.
“Chaos is nothing, for it is formless and unknown. Chaos is the child playing chess, from the child’s play becomes the kingdom; the formless is formed and the unknown is known. The kingdom belongs to the child.”
The scientist and the religious agree that before this universe began there was nothing here. The arguments arise about “first cause” and ex-nihilo, that which comes out of nothing. Blood is spilt over how something can come out of nothing, and how out of nothing there can be a first cause.
What is nothing? The universe is made up of two parts, the matter, which is what we see, and the way matter is organised, its pattern. We say of the universe that it is mathematical, musical and ordered, this is the pattern. We say we can observe the appearance and activity of matter, this is form. If matter vanishes it becomes formless. If matter disintegrates into disorder it is unknowable beyond that sense of its disorder. Because a thing has no form or pattern to us it no longer exists, it is nothing, but something is still there from which the form and pattern came from. The nothing is chaos.
We observe at the quantum level the electron. This electron on its own vanishes, appears, teleports, is in two-places at once, it is doing two things at once. We see the electron as being chaotic. We note that the moon behaves differently from the electron, the moon is stable and predictable. There is no way of saying if an electron will exist or will be behaving in the same way one second to the next, thus it is in a chaotic state. If the moon, or our reality or our body behaved like the electron it would be a mess. Something has caused the universe to become stable and predictable like the moon, maintaining this state, and resisting the chaotic state the electron exists in.
The electron behaves the way it does because of entropy, for every object in the universe is stealing energy from the other. An object with no energy is enslaved to the influence of another object, and then another, then another, so that it can never establish a pattern or form long enough to become the moon. When electrons and other particles come together, they create mass, it is then that a resistance is built up to entropy long enough for the appearance of stability to emerge such as seen with the moon; also when many objects come together there is a pattern. Mass has gravity, and gravity can shape, move, attract, repel to give the appearance of organisation in the universe. Some of matter has developed the ability to defend its energy and attack to obtain energy, this is called organic life.
I suggest the beginning state of the universe is chaos, as described this chaos has no form, thus to us it is formless, and it has no pattern, thus to us it is unknown. Chaos is eternal, it is always changing, and it is random. Place a baby on a chess board, it will for all eternity play with the chess pieces, the chess pieces will move ever-changing and ever randomly under the influence of this child. Chaos has the mind of a baby playing chess. What is randomly happening amongst the chaotic play of the chess pieces, the sub-atomic particles, is the occasional random events where enough particles clump together to overcome entropy long enough to form matter and a pattern, thus the kingdom comes forth.
This clump of matter is a singularity, one single form and one single pattern, spinning, and instead of disintegrating it is capturing more and more bits of chaos, until it is a monster. There is a tipping point and this monster, this “kingdom” that the child has formed, explodes, be it as Plotinus says as an emanation, or as scientists say the Big Bang, or as the religious says as Creation. From a singularity now there is the many, a diversity of bits of matter that has pattern and form, both separate and a part of the monster, we call the universe, the “kingdom” of the child. All the bits of matter becoming planets, stars, rocks, bees, flowers and you. All these bits in a constant state of becoming, for no object in this universe has a finished state, for it is changing one second to the next; for the child is still playing chess regardless of if it is chaotic state, inorganic matter or organic matter. The sum of all these pieces of matter is the universe, is the kingdom of the child. The kingdom belongs to the child.